Bailey County was named for Alamo hero, Peter J. Bailey, and was first established when it broke off from Bexar County in 1876. it was officially organized in 1919, when it also had its county seat election. The county’s lifeblood is on farm supply manufacturing, food-processing plants, and electric generating plant. Chief agricultural products in Bailey are cotton, wheat, sorghum, corn, and vegetables, as well as dairy cattle and feedlot cattle production. Its largest town and the county seat, Muleshoe, is also the of the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, the oldest in Texas. It also hosts the Mule Days Festival and County Fair.