Situated in the western Panhandle, Castro County was established in 1876 and formally organized in 1891, with Dimmitt being designated as the county seat. It was named after Henri Castro, Texas' consul general to Paris. Agriculture is the primary industry in Castro, with it being ranked as one of the state's most productive agricultural counties. There was even a time that it ranked first in the state and nineteenth in the country in agricultural receipts. The county houses large vegetable-processing plants, large-scale feedlot, and cattle operations. The main products of the county consist of corn, wheat, sorghum, cotton, soybeans, sugarbeets, vegetables, cattle, and sheep.