Situated in southeast Texas, Chambers County was established in 1858, with Wallisville was designated as its county seat. It was named after Thomas Jefferson Chambers, who served as a Supreme Court chief justice in Coahuila and Texas and as a surveyor-general. Petroleum and chemical production, agriculture, fish, and oyster processing and tourism are the key industries in Chambers County with rice, cattle, soybeans, corn, sorghum, and sugar cane as its main agricultural products. Wildlife areas are also located in the county, including Moody National Wildlife Refuge and Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge. One of the county's special events is the Texas Rice Festival, which is celebrated in September.