Eagle Lake is a city in Colorado County. It was founded in 1821 by two scouts of Austin, when one of them killed an eagle on the lake and named the water Laguna del Águila. Two railroads were built prior to the Civil War, and it gave Eagle Lake the accessibility to ship crops and gravel. In 1888, the town was incorporated and after the Civil War, a sugarcane mill was built on the eastern shore of the lake. Rice mills were soon established. Although the mills were discontinued in the 1980s, rice culture remained to be one of the city’s primary industries, along with the production of oil and natural gas. The city is also known as the “Goose-hunting Capital of the World.” It is home to the largest private lake in Texas, the Eagle Lake Regional Airport, and a golf course. The lake attracts a great diversity of migratory birds.