Fayetteville is situated twelve miles east of La Grange in eastern Fayette County. The surrounding area was known as Ross Prairie, after Ross. It was named Fayetteville in 1844, for the birthplace of Philip J. Shaver of Fayetteville, North Carolina. Fayetteville is known as the "cradle of Czech immigration to Texas" because after the Civil War most Czech immigrants to Texas went to Fayetteville first. In the early 1980s, most of the local residents were involved in raising beef cattle, corn, grain sorghums, or wheat. The Lickskillet Festival is held there annually on the third weekend in October.