Flax, also called as common flax or linseed, is a flowering plant from the genus of Linum. It is one of the oldest crops that has been cultivated since the Upper Paleolithic era. But, its fiber was first introduced as a textile material rather than its seeds as a food. Hence, where the term “linen” came from. Its seeds, known as flaxseeds, were just first cultivated in Babylon in 3000 BC. Its oil, known as linseed oil, also became a popular component of wood varnish, oil paints, putties, and linoleum. And although flax was extensively cultivated in ancient Egypt, it has also been widely used in many parts of the world.
Moreover, flaxseeds provide a lot of nutrients. In fact, it’s considered a superfood as well. Its color ranges from brown to golden brown. And, while both provide a mild nutty flavor, the brown ones have a subtle earthy flavor in addition.
- Flax was used to wrap mummies in Egypt.
- Flax produces bisexual flowers, which means they contain both types of reproductive organs. Thus, it can perform self-pollination.
- Canada has a flax council. The Flax Council of Canada aims to promote Canadian flax and its byproducts for nutritional and industrial uses.
- Flaxseed is a nutrition powerhouse. It’s rich in Omega-3s, lignans, and fiber.