Cauliflower is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. The head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem. It resembles those in broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the edible portion. The plant reaches about1.5 feet tall and has large rounded leaves that resemble collards. Pretty much everyone knows the creamy-white cauliflower that we see in most grocery stores. But it actually comes in 3 other eye-catching colors – orange, purple, and green. All of the variants have more or less the same level of nutrients, except for the differing level of plant pigments.
Species: Brassica oleracea
Binomial name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
- The word “cauliflower” derives from the Italian Caoli Fiori, meaning “cabbage flower.”
- Cauliflower can be used as an alternative for rice.
- Pliny the Elder, a Roman writer, and naturalist, first described cauliflower in the first century A.D.
- A single floret contains 10% of your daily Vitamin C need
- A large cauliflower has fewer calories than a muffin
- King Louis XIV loved cauliflower and demanded it is served at all state dinners.
- The flower heads are sometimes called curds.
- Sunlight can give a yellow tint to the cauliflower.