Endive is a leaf vegetable that fits in the Genus of Cichorium. The species of Cichorium consists of Cichorium Endivia, Cichorium pumilum, and Cichorium intybus. There is a common confusion between Cichorium Endivia and Cichorium intybus. The Endive has two main subspecies: Curly endive ( frisée) and Escarole.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Order: Asterales
- Family: Asteraceae
- Genus: Cichorium
- Species C. Endivia
- Binomial name: Cichorium Endivia
- The plant has been a crucial part of the diet of Ancient Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks
- A Belgian farmer discovered “Belgian Endive” in 1830. As he realized that chicory roots can sprout and produce leafy heads with cream color when they’re placed in wet and dark conditions.
- Most Endives reach up to six to ten inches in height.