Lettuce is a part of the daisy family. It’s an annual plant and by far one of the easiest to grow on your own. Europe and North America originally dominated the market for lettuce, but by the late 20th century the consumption of lettuce had spread throughout the world.
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Order: Asterales
- Family: Asteraceae
- Tribe: Cichorieae
- Genus: Lactuca
- Species: L. Sativa
- Binomial name: Lactuca sativa
- Lettuce was considered a sacred plant of the reproduction god Min, and it was carried during his festivals and placed near his images. The plant was thought to help the god “perform the sexual act untiringly.
- Lettuce can be cultivated in the ground or in the water (method of cultivation called hydroponics, where plants grow from the nutritious, water solution). Hydroponics are more popular today because this way of cultivation doesn’t depend on the weather conditions (it can be performed all year round).
- Name “Iceberg” originates from the preservation method that was used at the beginning of the 20th century in California. When refrigerators were not available, large quantities of ice were used to prevent spoilage of lettuce in the trains on their trips to the market. Carriages were filled with icebergs that floated on top of the lettuce on their final destinations, hence the name – iceberg lettuce.