The term “pea” could refer to any of the two: it could be the seed-pod or it could be the small, spherical yellow or green seed found inside the seed-pod. The term pea can also refer to edible seeds belonging to the Fabaceae family, like pigeon peas and cowpeas. Here, we will explore the pea of the Pisum sativum.
This annual plant is a cool-season crop, and as such, the summer heat of warmer temperate and lowland tropical climates is not suitable for growing peas. Pea is commonly green, although there are peas that are yellow and even purple.
Species: P. sativum
Binomial name: Pisum sativum
- No bees? No problem. Pea plants can self-pollinate.
- According to a 3rd-century account by Theophrastus, Greeks sow peas in late winter.
- According to Charles the Good, a supply of field peas made sure they didn’t succumb to famine during the Middle Ages.
- Thomas Jefferson grew 30 different cultivars of peas on his estate.
- Drink pea! That does not sound inviting or delicious but the truth is, pea milk is an alternative to cow’s milk in North America.